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Anemone care plant
Anemone, anemone species, is the name of several groups of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Many are found on coastal cliffs or in wet lowlands, others in dryer areas, mostly at moderate altitudes in mountains.
Anemones come in many different colors and patterns. Some are white, some pink, some red, some bright orange, some blue, purple, green, or some of those colors. They often have leaves that are arranged in a fan-shape or form a rosette. The leaves are generally large, with up to 10 or more in some species. The flowers are usually arranged in a racemose or spicate arrangement, but sometimes in umbel arrangements, and are often showy. The stamens have bright colors of red, orange, yellow or green.
The name "anemone" comes from the Greek aínos, meaning wind or air, referring to the opening of the flower which resembles an opening wind-blown sail.
The largest genera are Anemone, Arnebia, and Pelargonium. The oldest are Anemone, found in Europe and north Africa, and Pelargonium, found in the Americas.
Anemone species in Australia and New Zealand are treated in their own genus, Pulsatilla.
The modern anemone was once a group of flowers with anthers held like sails on stems, from which they could be blown about by the wind. The leaves were arranged in a rosette. The arrangement of the leaves as a fan is due to the development of the plant's reproductive organs. It can flower at any time of the year. Anemones evolved into many species and they still occur in many places around the world. The majority are in temperate regions and a few are found in Australia and New Zealand.
The genus Anemone originated around the same time as the last common ancestor of flowering plants. Plants of the family Liliaceae diverged from the rest of flowering plants around 130 million years ago.
The fossilized flowers of many Anemone species have been found in strata dated from the Upper Paleocene or Early Eocene epochs (55-55 million years ago). The oldest fossils of Anemone species were found in Europe, in Denmark, Sweden and Germany.
Anemone is found in a variety of habitats, from wetlands to deserts to rocky habitats. It is common in places where there is little direct sunlight, such as bogs and moorlands. Many species, for example, Pelargonium and Anemone, use the presence of a specific mineral called selenite to protect themselves from the direct sunlight. These plants grow in areas of volcanic soil such as Hawaii.
Anemone species have both medicinal and ornamental value. Some species such as Anemone coronaria are used for their medicinal properties, in particular their use in the treatment of coughs, headaches and gastrointestinal disorders. In some parts of Europe, the flower is used to make a variety of food and drink products.
List of species
Anemone alpina - Alpine or Arctic anemone
Anemone altissima - mountain anemone
Anemone arenaria - European or sea-anemone, mayflower
Anemone anomala - annual sea-anemone
Anemone arvensis - wood anemone
Anemone atropurpurea - large sea-anemone, sea pinks
Anemone austro-occidentalis - southernmost anemone
Anemone battandieri - Mediterranean anemone
Anemone bernickei - mountain anemone
Anemone bremeri - northern European anemone
Anemone buxifolia - western anemone
Anemone californica - California or western anemone
Anemone coronaria - coronaria, queen anemone
Anemone corymbosa - corymbose anemone
Anemone debilis - sea-pearl, sea-pear
Anemone deflexa - eastern sea-anemone
Anemone diaphana - dwarf or sea anemone
Anemone eximia - autumnal anemone, autumn's joy
Anemone farinosa - hairy anemone, common anemone
Anemone flaccida - small sea-anemone, small-flowered anemone, little sea-anemone
Anemone foetens - sea anemone, horsehealer
Anemone graminea - grassland anemone
Anemone hydrophila - sea anemone
Anemone ilicifolia - white anemone
Anemone johansenii - summer-bloom, summer-anemone
Anemone lutescens - yellow anemone
Anemone maculata - spotted anemone
Anemone magnifica - large sea anemone
Anemone multifida - sea anemone, many-flowered anemone
Anemone nemorosa - hedgehog, sea-anemone
Anemone oculata - eye anemone, common eye-anemone, small anemone, eye-anemone
Anemone patens - sweet root-anemone, autumnanemone, marsh-anemone
Anemone perpusilla - small pearl-anemone, small root-anemone
Anemone praetermissa - winter-anemone, winter anemone
Anemone radicata - common anemone
Anemone rupestris - common anemone
Anemone sulphurea - sulphur anemone, sulphur sea-anemone
Anemone tenerrima - small-flower sea anemone, small white anemone
Anemone tenuis - spring-bloom anemone
Anemone tomentosa - tomentose anemone, spring-bloom anemone
Anemone vulgata - small anemone
Anemone vernalis - winter anemone, northern sea anemone, summer-flowering sea-anemone
Anemone weieri - winter-bloom sea anemone
Anemone x lapponica - Norwegian anemone
Anemone is a major source of symbolism and imagery in Western art. Because it is highly varied in appearance, its use in art is extensive and includes the following subjects.
The flowers of Anemone are associated with pastoral scenes, often as a background for a herd of cows or sheep, but sometimes for a herd of human figures. Flowers such as Anemone can also be used in painting naturalistic seascapes. Examples of this are Peter Paul Rubens's The Peasants of Rijnsburg, in the Frans Hals Museum, the Netherlands, and Jean-François Millet's Le Havre, in the National Gallery of Scotland, Scotland.
Paintings such as the Allegory of the Anemone and the Allegory of Spring, by Jacques-Louis David, and the Allegory of Spring, by Peter Paul Rubens, contain Anemone as a significant element in their compositions. These include several examples in the collection of the Frans